Ghana’s current population is estimated at about 28.9 million (27.7 million in 2016), with females forming 49.1% of the total population. According to the United Nations Statistics Division, the population density was 119 persons per square kilometre as of November 2017. The greatest concentration of people is in the Greater Accra Region. The country’s population grew by 2.39% in 2016 and is expected to reach approximately 29 million by the beginning of 2018.
Ghana has a youthful population, with some 60% of the population falling between the ages of 15 and 64 years. The age dependency ratio is 66.7%, implying that the dependent section of the population is more than half of the working population.
The average life expectancy at birth in Ghana is 61 years (59.8 years for males and 62.3 years for females). This is below the average life expectancy of the global population, which stands at 71 years.
Ghana is blessed with a rich diversity of ethnic groups, each with its own unique culture and way of life. The official language and mode of communication is English, which is taught in all schools. The major ethnic groups in Ghana include the Akans (the Akyem, Ashanti, Kwahu, Akuapem, Bono and others), who form about 47.5% of the country’s total population. Other ethnic groups are the Ga-Dangme (7.4%), Ewes (13.9%), Mole-Dagbani (16.6%), Guan (3.7%), Gurma (5.7%), Grusi (2.5%),Mande (1.1%) and others (1.4%).
Ghanaians are known to be very hospitable people, and this trait spans across all the ethnics groups. They are very religious, as the following distribution depicts: Christianity accounts for 71.2% (Catholic – 13.1%, Protestant – 18.4%, Pentecostal/ Charismatic – 28.3%, others – 11.4%), Islamic worship for 17.6%, traditional worship for 5.2%, other religions for 0.8% and no religion for 5.2%.